Class struggle and social movements

SUJET 1

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Educated people were needed to design the machines, but a lot of workers are no longer needed on account of them. Mid-last century, when computers were added to machine tooling, low-paid machine operators replaced a lot of highly skilled, expensive machinists.  Then those machine operators became Indian and Chinese.  Now, we’re seeing the next step ... Fewer, less prepared workers with more people to support face foreigners and machines competing for proportionately fewer jobs.  North America and Europe remain high-cost producers in an increasingly competitive world; we’re told that Google’s next smartphone may, for the first time, be made by a Chinese tech company ... Such an economy seems unlikely to support a middle class.  America and Europe, too, are replacing their middles with new proletarians in reversion to the historic economic pattern.  This should not be unexpected; we watched the Soviets, and we can see Venezuela, Greece, and others now.  Politicians can’t keep their hands from an economy, but political decisions are economic poison.

Source : Jack Curtis (2015) : "America's False-Front, Movie-Set Economy", American Thinker, March, 14

 

Doc2.

Source : CATHERINE RAMPELL, "Who Counts as Middle Class?", AUGUST 23, 2012, available on : http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/08/23/who-counts-as-middle-class/*

 

Class struggle : past, present and future.

 

 

SUJET 2

 

DOC1.

Escape of the bossnapped at Air France, Photo credit: Jacky Naegelen / Reuters

 

DOC2.

A new wave of civil rights activism has taken shape following the continued string of officer-involved shootings throughout the nation. In Atlanta, that's resulted in protests blocking traffic on the Downtown Connector to using social media to draw attention to injustices. Rooted in nonviolent civil obedience, the activists have largely subscribed to a leaderless organization model that relies less on a visible leader and more on a collective approach. Sure, there are some organizers. But the movement has largely focused on hashtags than personalities. The grassroots activists' efforts have pushed excessive police force, criminal justice problems, and other social injustices to the forefront of the national spotlight. But not all activists agree with the recent approach of a crowd-led movement. Rev. Markel Hutchins, an established local activist, has chosen to designate himself as one of the heads of the movement with a new organization that he says will work to replenish Civil Rights Movement leadership, enact policy change, and shift public consciousness on some issues.

Source : "Does Atlanta’s leaderless social movement need a leader?", Posted by Max Blau @maxblau on Tue, Apr 28, 2015 at 12:30 PM, available on : http://clatl.com/freshloaf/archives/2015/04/28/does-atlantas-leaderless-social-movement-need-a-leader

 

 

Class struggle belongs to the past. Discuss this viewpoint.

 

SUJET 3

Doc1.

A new wave of civil rights activism has taken shape following the continued string of officer-involved shootings throughout the nation. In Atlanta, that's resulted in protests blocking traffic on the Downtown Connector to using social media to draw attention to injustices. Rooted in nonviolent civil obedience, the activists have largely subscribed to a leaderless organization model that relies less on a visible leader and more on a collective approach. Sure, there are some organizers. But the movement has largely focused on hashtags than personalities. The grassroots activists' efforts have pushed excessive police force, criminal justice problems, and other social injustices to the forefront of the national spotlight. But not all activists agree with the recent approach of a crowd-led movement. Rev. Markel Hutchins, an established local activist, has chosen to designate himself as one of the heads of the movement with a new organization that he says will work to replenish Civil Rights Movement leadership, enact policy change, and shift public consciousness on some issues.

Source : "Does Atlanta’s leaderless social movement need a leader?", Posted by Max Blau @maxblau on Tue, Apr 28, 2015 at 12:30 PM, available on : http://clatl.com/freshloaf/archives/2015/04/28/does-atlantas-leaderless-social-movement-need-a-leader

 

Doc2.